Phoca vitulina sbsp. - west to east

  • Insular Kuril seal (Phoca vitulina stejnegeri)
  • Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardii/richardsi)
  • Ungava freshwater seal (Phoca vitulina mellonae)
  • Western Atlantic harbor seal (Phoca vitulina concolor)
  • Eastern Atlantic harbor seal (Phoca vitulina vitulina)

Pacific Harbor Seal Natural History
[ The Marine Mammal Center ]
From the Education Department of one of the world's leading seal hospitals

Harbor Seals in Alaska
[ NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service ]
Research, management, and analysis from Federal enforcement agency

Scientific Data for Phoca vitulina (Harbour Seal)
[ Seal Conservation Society ]
UK center for protection and conservation of pinnipeds

Other related / similar species - west to east

  • Larga / spotted seal (Phoca largha)
  • Ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata)
  • Ringed seal (Phoca hispida / Pusa hispida )
  • Harp seal (Phoca groenlandica / Pagophilus groenlandica)
  • Caspian seal (Phoca caspica / Pusa capsica)
  • Nerpa / Baikal seal (Phoca sibirica / Pusa sibirica)