HARBOR (COMMON) SEALS

Phoca vitulina sbsp. - west to east

Insular Kuril seal (Phoca vitulina stejnegeri)
- Yantai, China to Western Aleutians, Alaska
Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardii/richardsi)
- Central Aleutians, Alska to Baja California, Mexico
Ungava freshwater seal (Phoca vitulina mellonae)
- Northern Quebec, Canada
Western Atlantic harbor seal (Phoca vitulina concolor)
- South Carolina, USA to Greenland
Eastern Atlantic harbor seal (Phoca vitulina vitulina)
- Svalbard, Norway to France

RESOURCES
Pacific Harbor Seal Natural History
[ The Marine Mammal Center ]
From the Education Department of one of the world's leading seal hospitals.

Harbor Seals in Alaska
[ NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service ]
Research, management, and analysis from Federal enforcement agency

Scientific Data for Phoca vitulina (Harbour Seal)
[ Seal Conservation Society ]
UK center for protection and conservation of pinnipeds

FURTHER RESEARCH RESOURCES
Pacific harbor seal:
[ 2011 Annual Report of Pt. Reyes Harbor Seal Monitoring Program (4.6Mb PDF) ]
[ 1997-2001 Five Year Cumulative Study from Pt. Reyes Program (3.7Mb PDF) ]
[ 2010 NAMMCO Publication #8: Harbour Seals in the North Atlantic and Baltic (Index page) ]

OTHER RELATED / SIMILAR SPECIES - west to east
Larga / spotted seal (Phoca largha)
Ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata)
Ringed seal (Phoca hispida / Pusa hispida )
Harp seal (Phoca groenlandica / Pagophilus groenlandica)
Caspian seal (Phoca caspica / Pusa capsica)
Nerpa / Baikal seal (Phoca sibirica / Pusa sibirica)

SealWatch.org is dedicated to the general well-being of harbor seals and to vigorous enforcement of applicable law for their protection. Alerts will be posted here of documented instances of continued disturbance or threats to harbor seal safety and habitat. Cheers will be posted when new efforts have been made to extend protection.

Updated 9.30.19